According to Malthusian theory , the size and growth of the population depends on the food supply and agricultural methods. This page was last edited on 12 May , at An interdisciplinary visionary relevant for sustainability”. In the face of this new mandate for research on population, environment and development dynamics, theoretical frameworks are limited. Malthus thought that if the human population continued to grow, food production would not be able to keep up with demand and there would not be enough food to go around.
Ester had married Mogens Boserup when both were twenty-one; the young couple lived on his allowance from his well-off family during their remaining university years. According to Malthusian theory , the size and growth of the population depends on the food supply and agricultural methods. The family was almost destitute for several years. Retrieved 4 October Numerous studies have shown such methods to be favorable in total workload and also efficiency output versus input. Boserup is known for her theory of agricultural intensification, also known as Boserup’s theory , which posits that population change drives the intensity of agricultural production.
Malthus thought that if the human population continued to grow, food production would not be able to keep up with demand and there would not be enough food to go around. While this seems like a 21st-century problem, it is actually a theesis that has concerned economists for hundreds of years and farmers since the first days of agriculture.
The family was almost destitute for several years. There are some who argue that Boserup can’t work indefinitely. The work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse.
The Journal of Modern African Studies. But as demand for food increases, supplies come under greater pressure.
High-tech agriculture should therefore only be found in places with large populations of near-starving people. Retrieved biserup August There are examples of this happening to particular populations of animals and insects, such as the reindeer on St Matthew Island.
For example, a farmer who has four fields to produce food for his family might grow crops in three of the fields, but leave the fourth field empty as the ground is dry and his crop will not grow there. This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and its relevance to developing regions, in particular to sub-Saharan Africa.
She worked for the United Nations and her experience working in low- and middle-income countries such as India helped to shape her theory of the relationship between human population growth and food production. It boxerup her great belief that humanity would always find a way and was quoted in saying “The power of ingenuity would always outmatch that defiine demand”.
Ester Boserup – Wikipedia
Drawing on her knowledge of farming in the developing world, where populations were growing quickly, Boserup argued that the threat of starvation and the challenge of feeding more mouths motivates people to improve their farming methods and invent new technologies in order to produce more food. Indeed to feed more mouths people have to dig deeper into the environment, to divert more biological cefine for themselves, to demand more from the soil, to use more water, more fertiliser etc.
Retrieved from ” https: Her father was a Danish engineer, who died when she was 2 years old. The result, he warned, would be a terrible famine that would kill many people.
Boserup argued that when population density is low enough to allow it, land tends to be used intermittently, with heavy reliance on fire to clear fields, and fallowing to restore fertility often called slash and burn farming. He would change the way he farms to make sure that he has enough food to support a larger family. Perhaps a Malthusian crisis drove our ancestors to cease hunting and gathering and take up farming.
Voserup work is widely credited as a motivation behind the United Nations Decade for Women. This process of raising production at the cost of more work at lower efficiency is what Boserup describes as ” agricultural intensification “. Unfortunately, the places with the food shortages tend to have low-tech agriculture, and the high-tech parts of the world tend to have high living standards and plenty of food.
Under pressure of numbers, with more mouths thewis feed, people put more labour and more intense effort into feeding themselves, and find ways to get more food production out of the land. Ester Boserup also contributed to the discourse surrounding gender and development practises with her work Woman’s Role in Economic Development. In the Malthusian view, when food is not sufficient for everyone, the excess population will die.
Malthus reasoned that this disastrous outcome could only be avoided if the population stopped growing.
Malthus vs Boserup
An interdisciplinary visionary relevant for sustainability”. In the future will we be able to produce enough food to support the ever-increasing human population? Archived from the original PDF on October 30, Subsequently to the Brundtland Report, the Earth Summit, and the resu1ting Agenda 21, the issue of population and development has increasingly evolved into discussion on the tehsis, environment and development nexus”.