A long working day: what is dangerous and what risks it carries for a person

Spending long hours at work can earn bonus points from your boss, but new research shows that such hard work can lead to stroke in 45 percent of active workers. Strenuous and long-term work is especially dangerous for people under the age of 50. In the study, the term “long working hours” was defined by scientists as work of at least 10 hours in one day, at least 50 days a year. That’s roughly one 10-hour work day per week.

Researchers from the Cardiology Association of the United States have been established that people working “long working hours”, especially those who work for many hours for more than 10 years, expose themselves to considerable risk; such people most often have a stroke.

Experiments of scientists

American scientists have taken data from the French report based on epidemiological studies of a group called Constances, which contains information about age, field, harmful habits and working hours of 14,3592 participants. Additional medical interviews were conducted to collect common data on previous stroke events. All participants in this study started back in 2012, at the time of the start of the tests were between the ages of 18 and 69. Those who previously suffered a stroke before regularly work long hours, and people only with partial employment, excluded from the study group.

As a result, the researchers found that about 29 percent (45,542 thousand) of their charges worked long hours, and about 10 percent of the participants (14,481 thousand) worked overtime for more than ten years. Of the total study group, 1,224 group members suffered from a stroke. Based on this, the scientists concluded that participants who worked for a long time were 29% more likely to suffer from a stroke, and those studied who spent more than ten years doing grueling work suffer from a stroke 45% more often.

“The link between ten or more years of ‘long working hours’ and the risk of stroke was very strong for workers under 50. Scientists have yet to do more research to explain this strange pattern. I would also like to highlight the fact that so many healthcare workers now spend much more time in the workplace than is determined by their working hours. These doctors may also be at high risk for stroke. As a doctor, I advise my patients to work less but more efficiently. I also plan to follow my own advice, ”says study author, MD, PhD, researcher at the University of Angers and the French National Institute of Health Alexis Descatha.

Some previous research suggests that long hours of work affect people differently depending on the profession. These studies have shown that business owners, executives, farmers and managers are less affected by long hours of work, because such employees are able to make their own decisions and have relatively free working hours.

High risks

Increased risk of stroke, not only a negative side effect of severe overwork. In 2004, scientists collected data from 52 studies on the effects of overwork on the human body, after which a report was published with conclusions based on these data. Sixteen of 22 studies looking at the overall health effects of overwork were associated with worse overall health, increased injury rates, increased exposure to various diseases, and increased mortality. One meta-analysis of long hours of work suggested a possible link between overwork and preterm labor.

Working overtime was also associated with unhealthy weight gain in two studies and increased alcohol consumption in three studies. In one – with an increase in the number of smoked cigarettes. And in one study, researchers conducted a neuropsychological test and found a link between overwork and poor performance.

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