Diamond fails on both fronts. The combined effect of the increased population densities supported by agriculture, and of close human proximity to domesticated animals leading to animal diseases infecting humans, resulted in European societies acquiring a much richer collection of dangerous pathogens to which European people had acquired immunity through natural selection see the Black Death and other epidemics during a longer time than was the case for Native American hunter-gatherers and farmers. Retrieved November 16, How well does the Civilization video game series explore many of the themes in Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs, and Steel? Non-geographic factors include those factors subsumed under the term culture, other factors subsumed under the term history, and decisions by individual people. It has been argued that hunting and gathering represents an adaptive strategy , which may still be exploited, if necessary, when environmental change causes extreme food stress for agriculturalists.
Unfortunately his story-telling abilities are so compelling that he has seduced a generation of college-educated readers. On a more positive note, the book has several merits. Farming arose early in the Fertile Crescent since the area had an abundance of wild wheat and pulse species that were nutritious and easy to domesticate. There was a bunch of special pleading and some downright nuttiness. The Fates of Human Societies”. Eurasia’s dense populations, high levels of trade, and living in close proximity to livestock resulted in widespread transmission of diseases, including from animals to humans.
The plentiful supply of food and the dense populations that it supported made division of labor possible. This leads me to a second critique. The book attempts to explain why Eurasian and North African civilizations diamlnds survived and conquered others, while arguing against the idea that Eurasian hegemony is due to any form of Eurasian intellectualmoralor inherent genetic superiority.
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Yali asked, using the local term ” cargo ” for inventions and manufactured goods, “Why is theis that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?
The Fates of Human Societies”.
How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeedfocuses on environmental and other factors that have caused some populations to fail. This goes as follows: Institute of Historical Research. Answered May 8, Still others, he says, “have been decimated, subjugated, and in some cases even exterminated by European colonialists.
Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
The Evolution of Human Sexuality. Complete list — — — Eurasia’s dense populations, high levels of trade, and living in close proximity to livestock resulted in widespread transmission of diseases, including from animals to humans.
Biological relatives of the horse, including zebras and onagers proved untameable; and although African elephants can be tamed, it is very difficult to breed them in captivity;   Diamond describes the small number of domesticated species 14 out of “candidates” as an instance of the Anna Karenina principle: Smaller domesticable animals such as dogs, cats, chickens, and guinea pigs may be valuable in various ways to an agricultural society, but will not be adequate in themselves to sustain large-scale agrarian society.
What do historians think of Jared Diamond?
Many have praised the book for its synthesis of different subjects, but note that the large scope of the work will inevitably lead to some inaccuracies and oversimplifications. United States portal s portal Books portal History portal. Diamond also proposes geographical explanations for why western European societies, rather than other Eurasian powers such as China, have been the dominant colonizers,   claiming Europe’s geography favored balkanization into smaller, closer, nation-states, bordered by natural barriers of mountains, rivers, and coastline.
The book’s title is a reference to the means by which farm-based societies conquered populations of other areas and maintained dominance, despite sometimes being vastly outnumbered — superior weapons provided immediate military superiority guns ; Eurasian diseases weakened and reduced local populations, who had no immunity, making it easier to maintain control over them germms ; and durable means of transport steel enabled imperialism.
Answered May 3, Australia and North Gusn suffered from a lack of useful animals due to extinctionprobably by human hunting, shortly after the end of the Pleistocenewhilst the only domesticated animals in New Guinea came from the East Asian mainland during the Austronesian settlement some 4,—5, years ago. Similarly, the differences between the current economies of North and South Korea, or between those of the former East and West Germany, cannot be attributed to the modest environmental differences between North and South Korea, or between East and West Germany.
Retrieved from ” https: Some researchers think it was known to Hippocrates: The cheese and the worms: This in itself raises some methodological problems, and in turn led me back to an article and book excerpt about historical research and an use of archives.
An explanation based on geography without any racist element in it. How was it then that diseases native to the American continents did not kill off Europeans?
It is as simple as that.
The rise of nonfarming specialists such as craftsmen and scribes accelerated economic growth and technological progress. South Africa History Online. Guns, Germs and Steel: It must be noted that the book is well written and accessible, gunss raises a number of interesting points about the influence of geography and science on historical events.
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