Theory Y assumes fundamentally that people want to be treated as mature adults, and not as juvenile individuals. The central theme of this work involves the u In this theory management assumes employees are ambitious, self-motivated, anxious to accept greater responsibility, and exercise self-control and self-direction. McGregor’s Management Theories work and directing their own tasks. According to the Harvard Business Review p. Organizational Culture Types members of this organization think. This type of leadership leads to high motivation.
McGregor intended in each of these steps the manager be available for guidance, however the majority of the completion of these steps be from the primary effort of the subordinate. In ncgregors, it was here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and given its name as, McGregor Institute.
Rewards and punishments are assumed to be the key to employee productivity. It becomes gradually more important for managers to hold the set of assumptions about human behaviour that McGregor has proposed in his Theory If an individual holds Theory X assumptions then he will not be logical and responsive to data, therefore, will have limited choice of managerial style.
By contrast Theory Y employees seemed to like work, were eager to please and worked hard on their own initiative. This theory has gone through a few transformations since McGregor first wrote about his X and Y theories in the early 60’s. Theory X and Y call for managers to examine their assumptions about human nature and see how these models lead to managerial practices.
McGregor’s Theory X and Y Essay
Additionally, the workers put their own concerns above that of the organization and by nature they are resistant to changes. McGregor suggested that employee behavior was the result of the essxy style. People change and so do motivators.
Solve for the equilibrium prices of X and Y. If you contact us after hours, we’ll get back to you in 24 hours or less. Theory X, the more conventional one, holds the view that people are in themselves not intrinsically mcgrgors to work and even attempt to avoid it, that people have no ambition, are resistant to change, are not particularly intelligent and that people only work for money and security.
However, few companies still practice Theory X management Daftp. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours Finally, in order to measure the performance of the individual, the organisations have appraisal system which evaluates their performances annually or semi-annually. This theory offers opportunities for human resource development involvement in team-building sessions and management development.
Theory X & Y Essay – Words – BrightKite
The documents downloaded from eCheat. Has it been supported by research? They are often compared and contrasted however, for the purposes of this paper the primary focus will be on Theory Y.
Theories of Motivation and Leadership and Mazur Employees have little to offer in terms of organizational problem solving. There are groups of workers who would like to be directed and who are not keen on taking responsibility.
A common problem mcbregors among managers is how to effectively motivate their employees. Theoyr Business Review, 48 3 Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? Theory X Essay words – 3 pages After taking a quick quiz, it would seem essy I prefer the environment created by a Theory Y management style. However, more in depth research need to be undertaken to identify and prove which theory does best fits. In contrast, Theory Y denotes that individuals are generally creative, innovative, accept responsibility and believe work is a natural activity.
If you need this or any other sample, we can send it mcgregorrs you via email. Management, Employees, Creativity, and Opportunities for Learning that facilities employee learning. I think that companies have realized that managing people like robots does not promote a sense of ownership among employees and eventually diminishes.
In this theory management assumes employees are ambitious, self-motivated, anxious to accept greater responsibility, and exercise self-control and self-direction. Douglas concluded that managers shaped their behavior towards workers based on either the X or Y views.
This theory has no evidence to support Theory X or Theory Y. Obviously, Stogdills “Great Man” theory was the foundation of what has become known as the charismatic leadership Even though these theories are now heavily disputed and there validity called into question, they are.