First eruption On March 20 the eruption began after earthquake swarms indicated the magma chamber below the volcano was being filled with magma. There has still been no activity from the noisy neighbouring volcano Katla. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude. Before the eruption in the volcano is known to have erupted in , , and This event was therefore tracked and prepared for, and the ash cloud was tracked by satellite by many nations. FutureVolc project set up in to integrate European volcano monitoring.
Icelandic Meteorological Office observes all Iceland’s volcanoes and records any warning signs of activity. Join the conversation on Geography Teacher Zone Our panel of experts take topical geography and science topics and help you link them to your classroom The Geography Teacher Zone is part of our strategic partnership with the GA. This video is suitable for all ages. An ice-covered Stratovolcano composite , with a 2. Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks of the volcano, but are more prominent on the W side. Kenyan economy at risk as perishable goods must be transported through Spain to get to the UK instead of been flown as usual. It may be in a bit more detail than some of you may like, so I encourage you to take key points from it as this case study I have covered has literally got the whole event covered — or most of it!
Email required Address never made public. Posted on February 7, February 7, by AmyLouise.
Learn more or continue to use the site if you’re happy with this.
EYJAFJALLAJOKULL VOLCANO CASE STUDY ICELAND
Start of the volcano erupting. The current eruption is taking place in the main central zone of volcanic activity where the crust is being pulled apart.
Airspace was now closed in 20 countries. Askja, Krafla, Surtsey etc.
This means that many of the countries have great capacity to cope in terms of making predictions and preparing alternatives for companies and people stuck by the restrictions on air travel. The vent for the volcano is 1. You are commenting using your Google account. A lava flow spread northeast, spilling into Hrunagil Gully.
Fissure eruptions are common and are frequently observed by NASA. Thde glacial water instantly cooled the erupting lava causing it to shatter into minute shards of glass and ash which were eyjadjallajokull s metres eyjafjaallajokull the atmosphere by the force of the explosions.
The island itself lies on a constructive plate boundary where two plates are pulling apart. Scientists are watching the neighbouring volcano of Kafla which usually erupts in tandem with “EJ” it is considerably bigger so lets hope it stays sleeping.
For my first post, I thought I would cover my favourite case study from A level. The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: A series of earthquakes were recorded below the surface of the volcano, indicating a possible eruption brewing.
It was categorised as a fissure eruption. The North American plate moves west, whilst the Eurasion plate moves East, creating a divergent plate boundary moving apart at rates of cm per year.
Volcanoes – Revision 4 – KS3 Geography – BBC Bitesize
Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings. The fountains of liquid lava were at c. At this point the eruption was explosive but effusive the key ingredient missing was water and volcanologists feared that the eruption may extend under the glacier- they were right! The first phase of eruption produced lava, with little explosive activity.
It may be in a bit more detail than some of you may like, so I encourage you to take key points from it as this case study I have covered has literally got the whole event covered — or managemebt of it! Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds. The main risks are to livestock through fluoride ingestion from volcanic ash on pasture.
Indeed, visibility was down to a few metres and local cattle farmers suffered. The plates are moving apart at a rate of 1cm to 5 cm per year. A subsequent phase of eruption begain in a 2. The name is a description of the characteristics of the volcano, namely Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier.