Grundlagen, Methoden, Anwendungen 10th ed. For an extensive review and analysis of case study research reference should be made to the state-of-the-art literature e. We take the concept of work, which is abstract. Last but not least, when using qualitative content analysis in case study research, one should be aware of the fact that “[r]eplicating a mixed-methods package […] is a nearly impossible task” JICK, , p. The consideration of this role model seems essential, because in its absence, the researcher is faced with a series of data which, by themselves, are not able to say much about a more stable phenomenon, although this stability, in the case of research in psychology, is provisional.
Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung 10th ed. This implies that the procedures of content analysis cannot be fixed but have to be adapted depending on the subject and its context. Previous Article college board ap world history essay rubric. The first was influenced by the Chicago School thinkers who defined the content analysis as a research technique for the purpose of objective, systematic and quantitative description of the manifest content of communication. However, the basic difference between classical content analysis and structuring within qualitative content analysis is the development and use of the coding agenda 7. According to them, classical content analysis “comprises techniques for reducing texts to a unit-by-variable matrix and analyzing that matrix quantitatively to test hypotheses” and the researcher can produce a matrix by applying a set of codes to a set of qualitative data e.
The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research – ePubWU
In contrast to this, MAYRING’s qualitative content analysis is not only an approach to analyzing documents but also a sophisticated and concretely described method at the same time. The inductive leap, qualitatvie starts from the “gross” datum to a concept, occurs from a structural alignment among theory, model theory and phenomenon.
Thus, a clear and concise definition of qualitative research can hardly be found.
Case study method, key issues, key texts. Collier and Bienstock conceptualized e-service quality as users. The challenge of qualitative content analysis. MAYRING’s qualitative content analysis tries to overcome these shortcomings of classical quantitative content analysis by applying a systematic, theory-guided approach to text analysis using a category system cf.
First, case study research as a research strategy within qualitative social research is briefly presented. Being a little bit more specific he defines qualitative content analysis in the following way:. First, case study research as a research strategy within qualitative social reaearch is briefly presented.
Contennt turn, the qualitative performs inferences based on the presence or absence of coded and categorized elements. The procedures of qualitative content analysis seem less appropriate, if the research question is highly open-ended, explorative, variable and working with categories would be a restriction, or if a more holistic, not step-by-step ongoing of analysis is planned MAYRING, b, p.
If the path adopted is possible without a prior theory, it is understood that the phenomenon can be grasped from the datum – and only then, the theory that represents it is sought empirical adequacy ; but as we have seen, it seems problematic and questionable the attempt to analyze data without having in mind a phenomenon.
In fact, qualitative content analysis claims to synthesize two contradictory methodo logical principles: Mayring, Philipp a, June. In contrast to this, STAKE identifies three types of case studies— intrinsicinstrumentaland collective —with the distinction between intrinsic and instrumental a collective case study is instrumental study extended to several ocntent addressing the degree to which the focus is on the unique or the generalizable features of the case research pp.
Then, a basic introduction to qualitative content analysis as an interpretation method for qualitative interviews kohlbachre other data material is given.
Florian Kohlbacher Published A crucial problem of grounded theory reconsidered. The Discipline and Practice of Qualitative Research. Then, a basic introduction to qualitative content analysis as an interpretation method for qualitative interviews and other data material is given.
For this the text is paraphrased, generalized or abstracted and reduced.
Properties of the coders: This is certainly a great advantage when dealing with various, heterogeneous types of data material. The aspects of text interpretation, following the research questions, are put into categories, which were carefully founded and revised within the process of analysis feedback loops.
The concept of inference is related to the type of reasoning – for example, deductive or inductive. In fact, it is not only the manifest content of the material that is important but also the latent content as well as formal aspects need to be taken into consideration cf.
Moreover, the analysis demonstrates how the key concepts are related. References Publications referenced by this paper. Qualitative Social Research7 1Art.
Depending on the type of research question posed, the extent of control an investigator has over actual behavioral events, and the degree abalysis focus on contemporary as opposed to historical events, there are also exploratory and descriptive case studies YIN, a, pp. On second level, triangulation takes place by applying a method of analysis qualitative content analysis that has not been particularly developed for this purpose to a different research design case study research.
Our purpose is to argue in favor for the understanding of CA as a resource for analysis of caze, rather than the description of these data or its organization, should aim at theorizing the psychological phenomenon.
Kohlbacher f. 2006.the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research
This paper also aims at helping to overcome the strict contraposition of qualitative and quantitative research.
Thus, it draws on the degree to which the original data were representative of a larger population ibid. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches 2nd ed.