Asia Law House Shovel M. Are the community members and other stakeholders active on solid waste management? In Tanzanian context the meaning of solid waste is provided for under Section 3 45 which defines solid waste to mean non-liquid materials arising from Domestic Street, commercial, industrial and agricultural activities and includes refuse or garbage, non- liquid materials arising from construction and demolition activities, garden trimmings and mining operations m dead animals and abandoned cars scraps. Private sector and investors are encouraged to establish solid waste recycling systems in order to minimize the amount of the non- degradable waste materials which include waste paper, metal, glass, plastic bottles and used tires. The Act has pointed out in various ways on how the solid waste should be managed;- The Act94imposes the duty to the Authority District or Urban to undertake or contract an agent to set aside areas of adequate size for the purpose of solid waste disposal. In comparison with other sectors, agencies responsible for solid waste management should also pay a reasonable attention to integrated management approaches based on adequate information systems, decentralised responsibility, interdisciplinary interaction and cooperation between functional levels. Section 4 3 of the established by-law requires the waste carriage trucks to be tighten to the extent that the carried waste is not seen and does not fall down on the way when transported for disposal.
It is necessary to evaluate the legal and institutional framework on solid waste management as they are of vital importance in providing the guidelines and capacity in the fields of administration, financial management, technical systems and environmental protection. Another constraint was time as the time given was hardly three months which affected the accomplishment of the research with regard to the field data collection. Another author who attempted to define solid waste is Schubeler44who defined solid waste to include refuse from households, non-hazardous solid waste from industrial, commercial and institutional establishments including hospitals , market waste, yard waste and street sweepings. This implies that significant proportion of the waste generated end up in the environment in an unacceptable ways of disposal which accentuates environmental and public health risks. Recycling diverts items such as paper, glass, plastic and metals from the waste stream. The filthy environment in most urban centers of Tanzania such as Dar-es-salaam and Mwanza to mention but few is the mirror image of the problem of poor solid waste management.
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I recognise his blimey and I am always in endless owe. I would like also to express my gratitude to the members of my large family who never ceased to encourage and support me during my LLB studies, viz. This research recommend that the central government formalise this sector by making a good arrangement such univerity registration of their activities as they play a great role in combating solid waste at the municipal level.
The researcher is outstandingly esteemed to give his thanks in advance and call for your space and time to respond to the following questions;- 1. Nevertheless, effective solid waste management SWM depends upon the cooperation of the population and local governments urban authorities.
Also, this principle can be invoked to justify the implementation of vigorous laws for solid waste management. Financial, technological, human etc. Also, the institutional framework is not well arranged as it brings about Bureaucracy as fund to facilitate the solid waste management activities comes from the City Director office and thus the office Director has many priorities not only solid waste so sometimes you may find even the car may lack a fuel to go to the field to collect solid waste due to this bureaucracy.
The interviews were both structured and unstructured so as to get first-hand information from the interviewee.
Nevertheless, it surtaxes other types of plastic bags commonly known as Rambo with 30 microns or 0. One amongst many factors that this study revealed to hinder the thesjs solid waste universiity in urban areas is financial constraints that face the local governments, so it is the urge of this research that the central Government should fully provide for the fund or subsidies for the local government authorities on solid waste management for the smooth management of solid waste in their localities.
Urban authorities are the legal owners of waste once it is collected or put out for collection. The researcher opted to use a combination of both structured and unstructured interview.
What kind of support? How much solid waste is generated daily in your Municipality? An independent Authority to deal with solid waste management will cease the role to be performed by the local authorities which seems to be incapacitated and inefficient in solid waste management.
This literature is encyclopedic to the effect that the author has been successful in giving multi-disciplinary and unifersity approach in solid waste management in a practical manner.
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It is a hygienic way of disposing solid waste and is more suitable if the waste contains more hazardous material and organic content. In many instances the responsibility for solid waste management has been delegated to the local authorities urban authorities without adequate support to capacity building to the staffs and personnel of the local government urban authority.
It is the credence of this research that private enterprises can usually provide solid waste management services such as collection, transfer and disposal services more efficiently and at lower cost than the public sector.
Log In Sign Up. Solid waste management SWM goals cannot be achieved through isolated or sectoral approaches.
Oxford University Press ,pg. Another constraint was time as the time given was hardly three months which affected the accomplishment of the research with regard to the field data collection.
Other active stakeholders on solid waste management are individual companies and good will people, who take social responsibility through contribution of solid waste management instruments such as blooms, dustbins and others of the like.
For instance Dar-es-salaam city has the population growth rate of about 4. Therefore this Research has been conducted on the examination of the laws and practice on solid waste management in urban areas taking Ilala Municipality in Dar-es-salaam as the case study. He had also dealt with the aspect on how the timely and consistent application of appropriate public participation plans may assist in reducing project risks and enhancing efficiency in solid waste management.
Waste may be in liquid, gas or solid form and originate from a wide range of human operations, such as industry, commerce, transport, agriculture, medicine and domestic activities. This literature is significant to the effect that the author has uncovered the causes of environmental degradation inter alia being solid waste. However, their work has not based directly to East African region particularly Tanzania and the authors have not elaborate clearly the legal framework on the same, hence, this work will reveal the problem in Tanzanian context with due regard to the legal framework.
This research could not have come to a successful conclusion without the assistance and support that I received from him. And, are the community members and other stakeholders active on solid waste management? This literature is pertinent in the sense that the author has exposed the issues on solid waste management in East African context taking the case of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.
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