From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cabinet ministers respond to oral questions from MPs. Collective responsibility is where ministers have accountability to represent the government as a whole. The principle of responsibility — to the electorate and the Parliament — is a vital one which must be maintained and strengthened because it is the basis of popular control over the direction of government and the destiny of the nation. This demonstrates and criticises the uncertain nature of responsibility and accountability. The article also reviews existing practice in comparative jurisdictions and Australian law and practice in order to determine the form that such appointments might take.
Judges in vice-regal roles. Indeed, there is some concern that good candidates for external ministerial positions would be unwilling to subject themselves to a pre- appointment hearing, thereby depriving governments of the very expertise that the position is intended to provide. The United States president’s cabinet members cannot simultaneously serve in Congress , and therefore cannot vote on legislation supported by the executive. In , the Beef Tribunal was investigating allegations of political corruption, and wanted to take evidence from a minister about cabinet meetings at which controversial proposals had been discussed. The convention appeared to have been partially suspended under the Conservative – Liberal Democrat Coalition Government of Prime Minister David Cameron , with Liberal Democrat ministers such as Vince Cable frequently publicly criticising the actions of Conservative Cabinet members.
However, given the relative inflexibility of the Commonwealth Constitution, and the requirement under s 64 that federal Ministers sit in Parliament, the adoption of this model would be difficult, if not near impossible. Namely, majority coalition governments became the norm after President Kekkonen retired in In the Australian Capital Territory, if a vote recount is not possible, the vacancy will be filled by a person from the same political party as the vacating Member, as selected by the Legislative Assembly: An important factor in minister accountability is the information given to the minister to address issues inside of the department.
Examples of this change in collective responsibility can be seen with the minority coalition in the government formation. The Premier or Chief Minister will also be in the best position to determine whether a Minister warrants removal from their position. It is, however, in a cabinet member’s best interest to support and align with the president’s policies because they serve at the pleasure of the president, who can at any time dismiss them or appoint them to another position.
(PDF) Accountability and Collective Responsibility | Sean Manning –
It has been argued in the UK that Ministers need to be ‘rooted somewhere’ to become integrated into the ministerial team. This support includes voting for the government in the legislature. The United Kingdom practices cabinet collective responsibility.
Solidarity within the cabinet can strengthen the prime minister’s party and accelerate policy decisions and interests of that party. Hearings are conducted by the relevant departmental Select Committee in the House of Commons and culminate in a report either endorsing or expressing reservations about the appointment.
At a very general level, responsibiluty appeared to be a broad consensus in the s constitutional convention debates that responsible government entailed ‘responsibility of a colllective to parliament.
Cabinet collective responsibility
In practice the actions of the chief executive were largely unaffected. In Canadathe cabinet is on rare occasion allowed to freely vote its conscience and to oppose the government without consequence, as occurred with the vote on capital punishment under Brian Mulroney.
Department of the Senate, xvii. It is also possible to limit external ministerial appointments to positions that require specialist expertise, as is the case in Scotland. While the use of genuine casual vacancies has the potential to allow more external Ministers to be appointed at the federal level, it is a development that needs to be closely monitored to ensure it does not undermine the democratic ideals of Australian government.
As Palmer states, when ministers are expected to take public accountability or even resign, there are political implications that are often obscured. It seems likely that the challenges facing modern governments will continue to evolve, posing a rssearch for new areas of expertise. The functions of the Scottish Law Colledtive include prosecuting crime, providing general advice to the First Minister and other Scottish Ministers, representing the Crown in civil proceedings, representing the public interest in litigation and scrutinising bills to ensure they are within the legislative competence of the Parliament.
(PDF) The Appointment of Ministers from Outside of Parliament | Alysia Blackham –
If Hawker’s quota were adopted, six external Ministers could be appointed in a ministry with 30 members the size of the current Federal ministry. In South Australia the Rann Labor government appointed people from outside of Parliament to sit on committees within the Cabinet system.
Secondly, there are general cabinet decisions on policy matters that the ministers are expected to relay through their departments in order colldctive be implemented by the chief executive, such as cutting department spending White, In the UK and Canada, external Ministers may be appointed to the upper house of Parliament, thereby becoming subject to the same accountability mechanisms as other members of Parliament.
We analyse this question responsibilify the perspective of the principle of responsible government and the text of Rssearch various constitutional documents.
At the time, Carr did colldctive hold a seat in federal Parliament. Cutting Corners’, above n As a result, this does not appear to be a practicable or sensible limitation in the Australian context. This political neutrality is not expected to unrealistically cause public servants to be blind or un-sympathetic to the political options.
As the minister is the voice of government for collectivd department, the chief executive is the voice of the public service for the department.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Some commentators praised Carr’s appointment, describing him as a ‘professional’ Minister whose ‘long record of understanding international affairs’ would help to promote Australia’s international interests.
Traditional models of responsible government suggest that Ministers should generally reside in the lower elected house of Parliament. Responsibilitu a result, external ministerial appointments in these jurisdictions would require constitutional or legislative change.