Last but not least, a major issue in designing case study research is the maximization of conditions related to design quality, i. I indirectly argue in Section 5. In a “naive” approach, the theory appears only a posteriori , after the data “speak” to the researcher Bendassolli, This role of theory has been characterized by YIN a as “analytic generalization” and has been contrasted with a different way of generalizing results, known as “statistical generalization” pp. The own Bardin suggests this possibility.
At the same time he seeks to encourage the integration of qualitative content analysis into the important step of data analysis in case study research. Thus, the material is reduced and a new basis of information separate from the original text comes into existence ibid. Verification of the specific instruments through pilot studies: Later, the concept was extended to include all those procedures which operate with categories, but which seek at least to quantify these categories by means of a frequency survey of classifications ibid. The problem in case studies is to establish meaning rather than the location Tellis,
It highlighted the strengths of qualitative content analysis as a method that achieves to respect the credos of openness and theory-guided analysis at the same time. Furthermore, qualitative or expert interviews are a very common field of application for qualitative content analysis cf. If the lack of reliability cannot be attributed to abor cthen the problem is usually with the coders kohlbachr may perhaps be solved by more careful selection, more thorough training, shorter operation periods, etc.
The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research
The phenomenon more stable is the starting point for defining what data contextual should be collected, and it is also the meeting point of the procedures for analyzing data with the theoretical model.
Thus, using ethnographies or participant observation should not always lead to case study research. The model defines what kind of simplification will be made of og phenomenon, leaving caes some relevant aspects and emphasizing others, which allows to look at the data in a more targeted way.
Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse, Grundlagen und Techniken 8th ed. Depending upon the nature of the research question and the ability of a researcher to use different methods, mixed methods research opens a class of research designs that deserve consideration Yin, b.
MAYRING a,  even speaks of “a superficial analysis without respecting latent contents and contexts, working with simplifying and distorting quantification. Being a little bit more specific he defines qualitative content analysis kohlbachdr the following way:.
Educational Researcher, 33 7: Triangulation is used to to bring together different, but complementary kinds of data Morse, That is why the procedures need to be tested in a pilot study.
Moreover, qualitative research methods have often faced acceptance problems and academic and disciplinary resistances, which are partly due to the politics embedded in this field of discourse cf.
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rssearch According to the author, ethnographic case study research is used when one wants to explore the observable and learned patterns of behavior, customs, and ways of kohblacher of a culture-sharing group. Therefore, research questions about “how” and “why” rather than “what” or “how much” are best suited to the case study strategy ibid.
Tellis argues that the analysis of a case study methodology is the most difficult yet the least developed process. The results of the kohlbbacher different data sets can be either merged for more comprehensive results, qualitative data can be connected to quantitative data, which lead to results, and qualitative data can be embedded into the quantitative data or vice versa. Given this definition it might be important to note that a case study is not a method but a research strategy cf.
In the same direction, Apel considers that the phenomenon corresponds to a “superstructure” of the general theory used. This analysis of complementing secondary data can help to ensure the quality kohlbacer content analysis, especially reseach MAYRING,p.
Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches: Public Opinion Quarterly16 4 What is the contribution of using qualitative content analysis as an interpretation and analysis method for developing case studies?
On the one hand, this definition puts forth the main points of what qualitative research is about, but it also demonstrates how it is positioned or tries to position itself in contrast to quantitative research. Inter-subjective verifiability is a case in point here.
Quality criteria of reliability and validity see also Section 4. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches 2nd ed. Services on Demand Journal.
Essential guide to qualitative methods in…. A Theoretical Introduction to Sociological Methods.
The use of the qualitative content analysis in psychology: a critical review
Due to the contenh, fully standardized methods are abstained from. The author differentiates explanatory designs as the ones that seek to establish cause-and-effect relationships. The defenders of a more atheoretical and inductive perspective argues that the categories should emerge from the data e.
According to JICK”[q]ualitative data and analysis function as the glue that cements the interpretation of multimethod results” p.